Net Income vs Gross Income: What’s the Difference?

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In other words, net income includes all of the costs and expenses that a company incurred, which are subtracted from revenue. Net income is often referred to as thebottom line due to its positioning at the bottom of the income statement. It’s the total revenue generated by an individual or a business without tax deductions or expenses. Net income is the amount of money a company makes over a period of time after it accounts for all of its expenses incurred over that same period – it’s profit as opposed to revenue. Without calculating net income, a business owner has no way of knowing whether they actually made or lost money over a set period of time, regardless of how much they sold in goods and sales. Gross income is extremely easy to report using any off-the-shelf accounting software – all managers have to do is run a report for the total income received over a set period of time.

For example, say Company Z listed its gross profit for 2021 as $100,000. Understanding the difference between net income and profit is vital for business owners in any industry. “EPS should increase yearly to signal that a company is profitable; the total value of EPS at any given time is less important than regular growth.” Net income is also relevant to investors, as businesses use net income to calculate their earnings per share.

Net profit

But human error is inevitable, and it helps to have an automatic process in place before your business begins to scale. Assessing different types of profit can be complex, and good software is your best bet to keep the analyses as straightforward as possible. This software also offers a bank reconciliation tool that makes it easier to match transactions.

  • Net income or net profit helps investors determine a company’s overall profitability, which reflects on how effectively a company has been managed.
  • It’s also important for managers tracking employees sales quotas and productivity requirements to measure gross revenue.
  • Gross profit, operating profit, and net income refer to the earnings that a company generates.
  • Gross profit does not include fixed costs, such as human resources or equipment.
  • Even if a company has positive gross profit, investors are primarily interested in knowing what net income will be generated and what potential future dividend distributions may be returned back to them.

Net income can be calculated simply by subtracting all the expenses from the revenue. For example, the calculation of net income is shown in the below template. The Company also pays interest on the long-term debt of $ 10,000 and pays taxes of $ 20,000.


As a self-employed, you may have to file Estimated Taxes quarterly. You can use these estimated tax payments to pay your self-employment tax. Refer to the Estimated Taxespage and Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax for more details on paying your self-employment tax with Estimated taxes.

Can net income be negative?

A negative net income means a company has a loss, and not a profit, over a given accounting period.

Due to SG&A costs, settlement charges, interest expense, impairment and restructuring costs, and income taxes, Macy’s net income for the period was just $108 million. For fiscal year 2022, the company reported $51.7 billion of net sales and $40.1 billion for the cost of goods sold. Therefore, as explicitly called out in its financial statements, the company had a gross profit of $11.64 billion.

Example of net income

A company adopts strategies to reduce costs or raise income to improve its bottom line. Net Income or Net profit is calculated so that investors can measure the amount by which the total revenue exceeds the company’s total expenses. A company’s profit margin is also a good indicator of how well it’s controlling its expenses.

  • Reporting is simple, with the option to run detailed financial reports like profit and loss statements and balance sheets.
  • List each profit type on your business’ income statement to give stakeholders insight into your company’s overall performance.
  • Sage 100 Contractor Accounting, project management, estimating, and service management.
  • Variable expenses can change based on numerous factors, so you can’t always predict what they will cost.
  • Net income is listed near the bottom of the income statement, after the operating income line item.